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    Important Amendments in the Constitution of India

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    Sanchay
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    Important Amendments in the Constitution of India

    Post  Sanchay on Thu Mar 31, 2011 10:41 pm

    Dear Readers,

    There have been so many amendments to the constitution, we are giving the CLAT oriented knowledge of the Amendments importance here in this General Knowledge Supplement.

    Common Law Admission Test prefers to test the understanding of the Aspirants on the most superior Laws in India, i.e., the Constitution of India. Constitution of India came into force on 26th January 1950. Article 368 in the Constitution of India provides for the procedure of amendments that can be made to it.

    The Constitution of India has gone through several amendments in its history of 61 years, but from the CLAT point of view only these few amendments are important. So have a look and all the best for your preparations.

    Regards,
    Buttinski Brigade
    (ClatLawGe Team for Resources)


    General Knowledge Supplement
    Important Amendments in the Constitution of India


    First Amendment (1951)

    * Added the 9th Schedule to give legislation furthering land reform.
    * Immunity from Judicial review

    Seventh Amendment (1956)

    * Gave effect to recommendations of state reorganisation commission.
    * States were reorganised on linguistic basis.

    Twenty-Sixth Amendment (1971)

    * Abolition of Privy purses and privileges of former rulers of Indian States

    b]Forty-Second Amendment (Mini Constitution 1978)[/b]

    * Words ‘socialism, secularism’ and ‘integrity of nation’ were added to the preamble.
    * Creation of Administrative tribunals.
    * Fundamental Duties Chapter was introduced.

    Forty-Fourth Amendment (1978)

    * Omitted Right to property as a fundamental right.
    * Article 352 was amended to remove the word ‘internal disturbance’ as ground for imposition of internal emergency and replaced it with the words ‘armed-rebellion’.

    Fifty-Second Amendment (1985)

    * Anti-defection provisions which were added in Tenth Schedule.

    Sixty first Amendment (1989)

    * Reduced the voting age from 21 to 1 8 years for the LS as well as Assemblies.

    Sixty Fifth Amendment (1990)

    * Established a National Commission for SC and ST.

    Seventy third Amendment (1993)

    * Provides Constitutional status to Panchayti Raj Bill, added in the 11th schedule.

    Seventy fourth Amendment (1993)

    * Nagarpalika Bill Provides for, among other things, constitution of three types of municipalities, reservation of seats in every municipality for the SC and ST, women and the backward classes.

    Seventy-Sixth Amendment (1994)

    * Places in the 9th Schedule, provisions of the Tamil Nadu reservation Act wherein 69% reservation has been provided, which is in excess of Supreme Court’s ceiling of 50% in Indra Sawhney’s cases i.e. the Mandal Case.

    Eighty fourth Amendment (2001)

    * Amendments were made in article 55,81,82, 170, 330 and 332. Extended freeze on Lok Sabha and State Assembly seats till 2026.

    Eighty sixth Amendment (2002)

    * Right to education was made a fundamental right. This makes education a fundamental right for children in the age group of 6 – 14 years. Article 21A was inserted in the chapter III of the Constitution (Fundamental Rights.)

    Eighty seventh Amendment (2003)

    * Made the 2001 census the basis for delimitation of constituencies of the Lower House of Parliament (Lok Sabha) and State assemblies (Vidhan Sabhas).

    Eighty- Eight Amendment (2003)

    * This amendment amended article 268 of the Constitution. This amendment deals with the duties levied by the Union but collected to and appropriated by States. But this amendment is not yet affective because this has been sent to states for their ratification.

    Eighty Ninth Amendment (2003)

    * Provides for separate commission for SC and ST.

    Ninety-First Amendment (2003)

    * Amended the Anti – Defection Law and also made a provision that the number of ministers in the Central & State Govts, cannot be more than 15% of the strength of Lok Sabha & respected Vidhan Sabha.

    Ninety second Amendment (2003)

    * Bodo, Maithili, Santhali and Dogri languages were added into the VIII Schedule.

    Ninety Third Amendment (2005)

    The Article 15 which spells the prohibition of discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex or place of birth. To reserve seats for socially and educationally backward classes, besides the Scheduled Castes and the Scheduled Tribes, in private unaided institutions other than those run by minorities.

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